Here is a timeline of events I put together for my own game. I'm sure others will find it useful.
The Thirty Years War 1618-1648
The English Civil War 1642-1651
– King James I 1603-1625, Charles I 1625-1649, Charles II 1660-1685, James II
& VII 1685-1688, William III & II & Mary II 1689-1702.
– King Louis XIII 1610-1643, Louis XIV 1643-1715.
– Czar Michael I 1613-1645, Alexi I 1645-1676, Feodor III 1676-1682, Peter I
– Phillip III 1598-1621, Phillip IV 1621-1665, Charles II 1665-1700.
Roman Emperor – Matthias 1612-1619, Ferdinand II
1619-1637, Ferdinand III 1637-1657, Leopold I 1658-1705.
– Paul V 1605-1621 (persecuted Galileo), Gregory XV 1621-1623, Urban VIII
1623-1644, Innocent X 1644-1655, Alexander VII 1655-1667, Clement IX 1667-1669,
Clement X 1670-1676, Innocent XI 1676-1689, Alexander VIII 1689-1691, Innocent
1600. Giordano Bruno is burned as a
English East India Company established.
1600-1603. The God that
1603. Ieyasu rules Japan, moves capital to
Shakespeare's Hamlet is first performed.
1605. Cervantes's Don Quixote de la
Mancha, the first modern novel.
1607. Jamestown, Virginia,
established—first permanent English colony on American mainland.
Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan,
saves the life of John Smith.
1609. Samuel de Champlain
establishes French colony of Quebec.
The Relation, the first newspaper,
debuts in Germany.
The telescope is invented by Hans
Lippershey, a Dutch scientist.
From 1609 to 1611 Henry Hudson of
England, sailing for the Dutch East India Company, explores the Chesapeake,
Delaware, and New York bays.
1610. Galileo sees the moons of Jupiter
through his telescope.
1611. Gustavus Adolphus elected King of
King James Version of the Bible
published in England.
Rubens paints his Descent from the
1614. John Napier discovers
1616. Shakespeare dies.
1617. Blood in the Chocolate.
1618. Start of the Thirty
Years' War, Protestants revolt against Catholic oppression; Denmark, Sweden,
and France will invade the Holy Roman Empire (Germany) in later phases of the war.
Kepler proposes last of three laws of
1619. A Dutch ship brings
the first African slaves to British North America.
1620. Pilgrims, after a
three-month voyage on the Mayflower, land at Plymouth Rock.
Francis Bacon's Novum Organum is published.
weekly newspaper in Europe begins publication in Amsterdam.
1623. New Netherland
founded by Dutch West India Company.
1625. Death Love Doom,
Forgive Us, More Than Meets the Eye.
is founded in July by the Dutch West India Company.
1630. Massachusetts Bay
Better Than Any Man.
1632. No Rest for the Wicked.
Maryland founded by Lord Baltimore.
1633. Inquisition forces
Galileo (astronomer) to recant his belief in Copernican theory.
English Civil War. Cavaliers,
supporters of Charles I, fight against Roundheads, parliamentary forces.
Abel Tasman of the Netherlands
discovers Tasmania and New Zealand.
Rembrandt paints his Night Watch.
1643. Taj Mahal completed.
1644. End of Ming Dynasty
in China—Manchus comes to power.
Descartes's Principles of
Cromwell defeats Royalists.
1648. End of the Thirty
Years' War. German population about half of what it was in 1618 because of war
In England, Parliament demands reforms.
Charles I offers concessions, and is brought to trial.
1649. Charles I is beheaded.
The Bank of England is founded. Merchants
and tradesmen began to exchange promissory notes as a form of money. The
goldsmiths realized that not all of their customers would withdraw their gold
at the same time. So it was safe to issue notes for more gold than they
actually had. They could then lend money using the extra notes.
1653. Cromwell becomes Lord
1658. Cromwell dies; son Richard
resigns and Puritan government collapses.
1660. English Parliament
calls for the restoration of the monarchy; invites Charles II to return from
1661. Charles II is crowned
King of England.
Louis XIV begins personal rule as
absolute monarch; starts to build Versailles.
1664. The British take New
Amsterdam from the Dutch, renaming it New York. English limit “Nonconformity”
with reestablished Anglican Church.
Isaac Newton experiments with gravity.
1665. Great Plague in
London kills 75,000.
1666. Aresde de Torki prints “The Nine Gates of the
Kingdom of Shadows”, adapted from the “de la Malonica” a book supposedly
written by the devil.
Great Fire of London.
Molière's Misanthrope is printed.
1667. Milton's Paradise
Lost is printed,
widely considered the greatest epic poem in English.
1682. Pennsylvania founded
by William Penn.
1683. War of European powers
against the Turks (to 1699). Vienna withstands three-month Turkish siege; high
point of Turkish advance in Europe.
1684. The Squid, the Cabal, and the Old Man.
Wilhelm Leibniz's Calculus published.
1685. James II succeeds
Charles II in England, calls for freedom of conscience (1687). Protestants fear
restoration of Catholicism and demand “Glorious Revolution.” William of Orange
invited to England and James II escapes to France (1688). William III and his
wife, Mary, crowned.
In France, Edict of Nantes of 1598,
granting freedom of worship to Huguenots, is revoked by Louis XIV; thousands of
1689. Peter the Great
becomes Czar of Russia—attempts to westernize nation and build Russia as a
Beginning of the French and Indian Wars
(to 1763), campaigns in America linked to a series of wars between France and
England for domination of Europe.
1690. William III of
England defeats former king James II and Irish rebels at Battle of the Boyne in
John Locke's Human Understanding is printed.
1699. End of the War with the Turks.